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3 MINDSET SHIFTS TO IMPROVE YOUR CYBERSECURITY

I’m sure it’s not surprising that cybersecurity isn’t a destination, but a process of continuous improvement that’s always evolving.

If cybersecurity is constantly evolving, then how could we possibly learn how to keep ourselves cyber secure?

By shifting our mindset.

Shifting away from looking at cybersecurity as a task to be completed, or a problem to be solved and towards a continuous process of analyzing whatever situation we find ourselves in along the way and making the best cybersecurity choices.

Does that seem crazy?

Mindset shifts to improve your cybersecurity? Doesn’t make much sense, right?

Think about your personal safety in the real world. Do you put a lock on your front door and call yourself safe? Or do you analyze if its safe to cross the street, make that left turn in your car, or jump off that cliff into the lake below?

Some of this analyzing might be second nature or subconscious, sure. But you’re still analyzing each situation and making a call based on the safety risks you find.

The goal is to begin doing the same for cybersecurity and shift our mindset to thinking this way.

There are three mind shifts we need to make. What exactly are they? Lets look at them below:

 

Mind Shift #1: Stop thinking of cybersecurity as tools and methods

Most of the traditional cybersecurity advice includes what tools and methods you should be employing right now. Tools such as Antivirus or Multi-Factor Authentication and methods such as how to identify phishing emails are all important.

While these are good right now, at the end of the day they’re all solutions designed to reduce certain cyber risks. They’ll also change as technology or your situation changes.

How do you know how many tools and methods you need, and which ones are applicable to your situation? How do you know how much security is acceptable?

The first mind shift is to understand that cybersecurity tools and methods are solutions to reduce certain risks, such as flu shots are solutions to reduce your chances of getting the flu, or seat belts are a solution to reduce your chances of getting seriously hurt in a car accident.

 

Mind Shift #2: Start thinking of cybersecurity the same way we think of safety

You wouldn’t leave your home with the front door unlocked, leave your tax returns or personal documents in a public place or cross the street without looking to ensure its safe to do so. So why would you do that on the Internet?

Just as we evaluate each situation we find ourselves in to ensure we’re safe in the real world, we need to shift our perception of cybersecurity from the idea that we can’t “see” the risks, so we don’t need to worry about them to the idea that even though we can’t “see” any cyber risks, there are still some there and we need to be able to identify them for ourselves.

 

Mind Shift #3: Not everyone has the same risk or cybersecurity needs

While everyone has the potential to be a victim of cybercrime, the more we share, communicate and integrate our lives and businesses with the internet the more we open up ourselves to the risk of being caught up in cybercrime.

While for most of us the risk is manageable, there are many factors which can increase your risk level and make you a more appealing target to cybercriminals. Some of those factors include:

      • Wealth
      • Business Status
      • Publicity, Fame or large social media followings
      • Frequent travel
      • Internet-connected  Technologies or Internet of Things (IoT)
      • Business or domestic employees

The traditional cybersecurity advice intends to cast the widest net as possible and secure the most people possible. The goal of the third mind shift is for you to understand what your personal situation is, and what in your life might be exposing you to cybersecurity risk. Then you can employ the tools and to reduce the risk most applicable to you.

Of course, the list above isn’t exhaustive. It’s meant to get you thinking and considering all aspects of what could impact your cybersecurity, both online and offline.

So, how can we shift our mindset? Stay tuned for our next post!

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SIX FACTORS THAT CAN INCREASE YOUR CYBERSECURITY RISK

The Internet has become a mainstay in our lives in recent years. With that trend, it is no surprise that as with everything, it comes with risks as well as rewards.

While everyone has the potential to be a victim of cybercrime, not everyone has the same chances. The more we share, communicate and integrate our lives and businesses with the internet, the more we increase our chances.

While for most of us the risk is manageable, there are many factors that can increase your cybersecurity risk level and make you a more appealing target.

#1 Your Wealth

It should be no surprise that cyber attackers are interested in those with lots of wealth. While there are other motivations, one motivation of cyber attackers is financial gain. Those with obvious wealth are prime targets because it signals that there is a high chance of a good payday.

#2 Your business status

Companies usually have significant resources to dedicate to protecting themselves. 

Cyber attackers are keying into this. Instead of attacking companies directly, they are turning their focus to key individuals within those companies. Key individuals are those which have the access, authority or influence to help carry out the cyber attackers’ intentions.

These roles may be in the target company itself, such as executives, finance or accounting, IT, vendor relations, etc.

They could also be at other companies related to the target, such as trusted partners which could be used as a gateway.

#3 Publicity or Fame

If you are a public or famous individual, there are the people who love you and those that don’t love you as much. 

Especially if you create photos or videos for social media, revealing too much information even only a couple of times can give a cyber attacker enough to put the pieces together.

This goes further than your location as well. Confidential and personal information could be hiding in the background of photos or videos.

#4 Frequent Travel

Nowadays we’re so connected, almost any coffee shop, restaurant, and hotel now offers free WiFi. However, cyber attackers are wise to our need to stay connected.

There is the possibility they could be monitoring the WiFi and stealing the information going across it. They could be sitting behind you reading your screen over your shoulder. They could even be stealing your devices out of your hotel room while you’re out enjoying the pool.

#5 Lots of Tech

Lots of unsecured internet-connected or IoT (Internet of Things) tech can be a haven for cyber attackers. They can use them to create botnets, as a foothold in your network, or as they were intended (such as a camera) to monitor your movements.

#6 Employees

Even though employees may not have the same access, authority or influence as an some in an organization or household, they can still be a target. A cyber attacker can use them to access your network. They could use them to access those that do have access, authority or influence, or to achieve the cyber attackers’ goals by other means.

Regardless of whether they’re business or domestic employees, a cyber attacker can use them to obtain information and access to you or your network.

Whatever you do online could impact your finances, reputation, career, business and even personal safety. Protecting yourself and being mindful of the factors which can increase your cybersecurity risk can help you reduce the chances of getting caught up in cybercrime.

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HERE’S WHY YOU NEED TO LEVEL-UP YOUR CYBERSECURITY THIS YEAR

Remember the days when a household would have one computer, and that was only if you were fortunate enough to have one?!

The days when we didn’t do much on a computer other than sending emails with funny cat pictures, and motivational sayings? When leveling-up your cybersecurity wasn’t much of a concern?

Today the average household has not only one, but a growing number of connected devices. A survey in 2016 by Business Insider estimated that by 2020, there would be more than 4 devices for every person on earth! (Source)

Not only is the number of devices growing quickly, but they’re growing smarter as well. As they become smarter, do more tasks for us and become a more integral part of our lives, the bigger the consequences could be to you and your business if they were to be hacked, stolen or under the control of an attacker in some way. 

You’re probably thinking:

 “Yeah, so what. I don’t have any sensitive information. Attackers would want to go after a company, not me. I don’t need to level-up my cybersecurity.”

And, partly that is right. Companies would seem like a much more lucrative target.

The problem is…

While we are becoming more tech-savvy, so are cyber attackers. They’ve recognized that while large companies have become better at protecting themselves, individuals haven’t had the same opportunity. 

Cyber attackers are increasingly targeting individuals because it is easier, more profitable, and requires less investment. The chances of their attack failing are also much lower than going up against the defenses of a company.

Ok, but what if you think you don’t have any sensitive information? Should I still level-up my cybersecurity?

 

#1 Not all sensitive information is obvious

With convenience comes a lot of sensitive information, though not all of it is obvious. 

Not all of this information is what information give to a device or store on a device (such as your email or passwords). But what these devices collect as well (such as your location, or usage patterns).

 

#2 Attackers aren’t just after your information anymore

While they will take any sensitive information they can get from you to resell later, your information isn’t the only thing attackers are after. 

They may want you to do something for them. Such as initiating a fraudulent payment transfer or purchase gift cards and send them the numbers on the card.

They may not want anything from you at all, but instead, use your access and influence for another goal. If you are a trusted partner or executive of a business, they may use your influence to get that business to re-route payments to the attackers’ bank account. They could also use your accounts to publicly humiliate or damage your reputation.

They could even just use your devices as a jumping-off point in part of a larger attack.

 

#3 Being cyber-aware is becoming an advantage

Employers are becoming more concerned with their employees’ susceptibility to cyber-attacks. Some even review social media as part of the hiring process. 

It is also only a matter of time before customers start to prefer companies who are cyber secure or cyber aware.

Being cyber secure yourself will ensure that your online presence doesn’t reveal more than you’d like. It’ll also enable you to translate that cybersecurity to your job or business and do your part in keeping what you do for a living cyber secure.

 

#4 Setting and forgetting doesn’t work – technology and attacks are constantly changing

Being cyber secure isn’t just changing your passwords once, or buying antivirus and forgetting about it. 

Whatever tools and tactics we use to keep ourselves cyber secure today won’t be the same in another decade, nor will cyber attackers be using the same tactics against us either.  It is about being able to adapt and evolve your cybersecurity as situations and technologies change and evolve. 

 

#5 No cybersecurity is perfect, stuff will fail

Of course, no cybersecurity is perfect. Good cybersecurity practices will help you create a plan for what to do when everything fails. When your passwords are stolen or information is breached and help decrease the stress when this happens because you have a plan to respond.

It’s no surprise that cyber attackers are becoming more tech-savvy and are increasingly targeting individuals. Protecting yourself and being mindful of your cybersecurity can help you reduce the chances that whatever you do online could impact your finances, reputation, career, business, and even personal safety.

Are you planning to level-up your cybersecurity this year?

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2019.. Have You Made a Cyber Security Resolution?

It’s 2019!!

Is anybody excited about it or is it just us??

Now that all the hurrah is done and the new year is here, it’s time to take a look at what the next year has in store.

New Years Resolutions

Do you have your New Years resolutions done? Did you include a cyber security resolution ??

If not, Why not?

If nothing else, we’ve seen from 2018 that being on top of your cyber security is important.

Regardless of who you are, what you do, or how much you use the Internet and connected devices, cyber security shouldn’t be an after thought. With the amount of data about ourselves which we share online, and rate of cybercrime increasing it is only becoming more critical that we protect ourselves.

One easy way to begin is to choose one thing, and make a resolution to give that one thing priority. Then go and do it.

Resolutions don’t have to be lofty…

It doesn’t have to be a lofty resolution, start with something simple:

  • Making a complex password for every new password created this year; Changing all your passwords to be different at every site and keeping them that way.
  • Finally figuring out how to change the wireless router configuration and change the default password.
  • Review the Terms of Service and Privacy policies of all the cloud and online services you use. How do these affect your security and your privacy?
  • Reviewing every social media post to make sure it’s not revealing anything it shouldn’t

Just like going to the gym more, or getting your finances shape, it’s not that hard if you break it down into a plan..

… And the execute that plan.

So, let’s make 2019 the year you do something about your cyber security.

Make a security resolution this year and follow though. The results may not be as immediate as the number on the scale, but when they do show themselves.. You’ll be glad you took the time to put the effort in.

Now, what are you going to do for your Cyber Security in 2019?

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Don’t Let Your Connected Devices Ruin Your Holidays

Ah, December.

It’s the time of year when we go out and buy our friends, family and even ourselves (You know you’ve done it!!) brand new computers, phones, and *insert gizmo here*.

Connected devices, wearables, drones, and so many other tech gadgets are all making the holidays much more fun.

However if not configured or set up correctly, these devices could put your personal security and privacy at risk.  They could even expose important personal and financial information.

Default credentials

Many of these devices are shipped with default usernames and passwords. This means that the default username and password combination is well-known by the manufacturer, and support people. It may even be written in documentation posted on the Internet.

Yikes. Because of this, it is important to change the default password and even the username, if you can.

If the device will allow you to use a passphrase, then even better! This will prevent anyone from being able to access your device if someone gets on your home network, or if it accidentally gets connected right to the internet.

If your device also connects to the cloud or an online component (i.e. you log into the manufacturers’ website to use it) its a good idea to change this password as well!

Default configurations

Normally the default configurations these devices are shipped in, are ready for you to use immediately. This means that any barrier to the shortest setup-and-go has been turned off.

Often most security features may be turned off, or be optional. It’s a good idea to acquaint yourself with all the features of your new device – security and otherwise. Acquainting yourself will help in understanding what the implications to your personal security and privacy are when each one is turned on and off. Then make the decision on which ones to turn on.

Some devices will also include administration portals or some advanced network administration tools. If you don’t have any intent to use these, turn them off. This will ensure an attacker can’t use them.

Connected directly to the Internet

Most connected devices out there aren’t mean to be connected directly to the Internet.

It’s easy to assume that when you plug the cable into your Internet router or connect the device to your home WiFi that it is only accessible to your home network.

Have you ever actually checked?

It’s important to understand what the internet needs are for your device and make sure that your router and network is configured properly. Any extra port forwarding or other settings are removed if not required.

If your device is accidentally left accessible on the Internet it could be easily accessed or hacked. This could expose important personal and financial information, be used as a gateway to access or hack other devices or computers in your home, or be used as a staging ground to hack others.

Two things that can also be overlooked here. First, ensure you’re using a strong passphrase or password on your wireless network. A weak one will only put your connected devices (and everything else on your network) at risk.

Second, do not put your devices on a guest or public WiFi network. Where devices are concerned, these networks can be just as bad as the internet.

Cloud connectivity

Devices now often include some type of cloud connection capabilities within them. This capability could be for extra features, or at times is required to use the device.

When you have a device that includes cloud connectivity, it’s important to understand what information is being sent to the cloud. This is to ensure you know what it’s being used for and how it’s being protected.

If your device is collecting personal, location or other sensitive information and it isn’t protected well, there is a risk it could be lost in a breach.

Start by reading any manuals that came with the device, the manufacturer’s website and Terms of Service and Privacy Policy documents, to start.

Ensure other computers and phones are secure

Do you connect to your device via an app on your phone, or from your computer?

If an attacker can compromise your other computers, they can take advantage of them to then attack your connected devices.

Update your connected devices

Check if the manufacturer of your device releases software or firmware updates. If they do, update the software and firmware as often as possible.

Software and firmware are only as good as the humans who create them. It’s easy for humans to accidentally introduce errors and security holes while writing software. Because of this, when manufacturers find these errors, they normally create an update to fix the issue. Updating the software allows you to get these fixes and plug any holes that an attacker could use.

It also will ensure you have the latest set of security features. Sometimes additional features can be released after you’ve purchased the device.

Wrapping it up

Connected devices are becoming much more popular. Not only are they fun, but they can make life much easier. However, they need to be used smartly. If they also collect personal or sensitive information or are left unsecured, they could be putting your online security and privacy at risk.

Photo by Alex Knight on Unsplash

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How to: Online Shopping With Confidence

These days, online shopping is becoming more often than not the go-to method for shopping for virtually anything.

Not only is it convenient that you can shop right from the comfort of your couch, but you can look up the best options around the world for whatever you’re interested in, just to make sure you’re getting the best price.

Of course, you also get to skip the crowds and long lines if you’re shopping during the holiday season.

Even though shopping online is getting much more common-place, it’s important not to get too comfortable.

There is a lot more personal and financial information involved when you’re shopping as opposed to when you’re only browsing the news, for example.

So, what should you do when shopping to ensure you’re doing it safely?

Don’t shop on public WiFi

I know it’s tempting to get a bit of shopping done while you have a few minutes of free WiFi while you’re sipping on your morning coffee at the coffee shop, however, this could put you at risk.

It’s easy for others to snoop on your traffic, capture your credit card number and even your passwords. Even if you think you’re using a secure connection.

Don’t shop on insecure websites

Any time you’re entering a credit card number or any other sensitive information, it’s always good to ensure you’re sending it over a secure connection. That way, anyone who is snooping on you can’t actually see the information you’re sending.

How do you do that? By first checking in the address bar (that’s the box you enter the website address you want to go to) that https:// comes before the address of the site you’re visiting.

Second check if there is a green lock to the left of the address bar or near the bottom of your browser (the actual placement depends on your browser).

Thirdly – and this is an important step – ensure that the whole website URL after the https:// is exactly what you are expecting, and it isn’t misspelled. It’s become much easier for people to register dubious domain names that look like the original but are in fact fake website and have them be legitimately secure.

Keep an eye out for scams

if the deal seems too good to be true, it probably is.

There are always a large number of scam sites out there, and they seem to always intensify around major shopping holidays around the world.

Don’t “save your info for later”

If the website you are shopping on gives you the option to save your credit card number or other personal information for later, it might be best to decline.

Why? Because this means the website has your information on file. If they happen to be breached for whatever reason, there is a good chance your credit card number or other information could be compromised as well.

This can become quite an inconvenient. Especially if you don’t find out about the breach for a while.

Watch your email

During all of the big shopping seasons, spammers like to take advantage and send malicious emails and texts that appear to be coming from somewhere you may have made a purchase in order to steal your information or infect your machine.

Be smart and if there is any doubt about the email or text, don’t trust it and go directly to the real website instead.

Also, if the email you received is from a website you normally buy things from, consider whether this is a normal email you’d expect from them. If not, it might be a scam.

For more tips on detecting phishing, click here

Stick to the familiar spots

Just like other industries, the online retailing industry isn’t immune to phishing websites being set up to lure you into providing your personal information. Stick to shopping on websites you know are reputable and can trust.

This trust also goes farther than just being confident that they’ll deliver you the product you purchased.
Check their terms of service and privacy policy to see if they are also selling or aggregating your personal information after your purchase.

If you want to branch out, check them out

If you must use a new shopping website before you make a purchase or hand over any information be sure to check out the website and company.

Find ratings and reviews that you know you can trust. Do other people like them? Are there any reputable reviews who did receive what they ordered? How was their experience?

Do they have terms of service, privacy and return policies? Check if these raise any red flags.

All in all, online shopping can save you tons of time and even provide more selection and variety. However, there are those out there who would like nothing more than to take advantage of your comfort with shopping online to con you into handing over your hard earned money or your personal information.

That shouldn’t cause any stress, though. With a little due diligence and by being careful with how and where you shop, you can shop with the confidence that not only did you get a great deal, but you did it while protecting your information and your wallet.

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Second Factor Tokens are a Pain. So Why Use them?

The other day I had an interesting conversation with a friend.

 

Their bank had just told them they had to add their phone number to their bank account.

 

This was in order for the bank to send them a text message with a code to their phone to input along with their password, every time they logged in to the bank via the web or a mobile device.

 

What are Second Factor Tokens?

You may have seen this before. Second Factor tokens can also be called a one-time-password, 2-Step Verification, or Two Factor Authentication (2FA).

 

Second-factor tokens are a part of Multifactor authentication – a way of confirming you are who you say you are when you log in. It requires you to provide two (or more) pieces of evidence (commonly called factors) to prove it is really you. The two pieces of evidence have to be two of these three: something that you know, something that you have in your possession and something that you are.

 

If you haven’t guessed it yet, your password normally qualifies as something that you know and is your first factor. Second-factor tokens provide evidence for something in your possession and are normally your second factor.

 

These tokens can range from physical devices you have to plug into your computer or place near your computer, to numerical codes (obtained from an app or physical device resembling a key fob) that you enter after your username and password.

 

There are even some newer solutions don’t even give you a code at all.. they just prompt you to approve or deny a request to login via an app on your phone.

 

They don’t exactly make things easier

Not surprisingly, they were not very happy about this change.

 

Multifactor Authentication means an extra step and more things you need to keep track of and worry about when logging in.

 

They almost seemed as if they were telling me about this, expecting me to take their side.

 

To say “of course how could the bank do that horrible thing?!”

 

But do you know what I did?

 

I said, “that’s great!”

 

They were so shocked!

 

While I had to agree with them that the codes are annoying, the thing is, they are very effective.

 

For those who don’t use these one-time codes often, or if they’re completely new,

 

  • they can be very annoying and frustrating, as they’re one more thing you have to deal with
  • If they send the code to your phone, and you don’t have your phone, it presents another problem
  • If you’re not technologically savvy, it’s one more piece of technology to deal with.

 

So what exactly is the purpose of using them?

If they’re so annoying, then what is the purpose of using them? How are they different than the security questions we already use? Why can’t we just continue using the security questions?

 

In short, because passwords alone just aren’t good enough anymore on their own and with the amount of information we share on social media, security questions are just too easy to guess.

 

Not everyone uses long and complex passwords, and even if you’re someone who does there is still the possibility of your password being compromised in a breach.

 

A second-factor token helps in that if your password is compromised, knowing your password alone isn’t enough information for an attacker to login to your account. They still need the code you have, or for you to tap the “approve” button on your app.

 

So while this whole second-factor authentication thing might seem like a nuisance, its actually meant to help you secure your logins better.

 

Second Factor tokens still aren’t completely foolproof.

Although, like other things,second-factor tokens aren’t a silver bullet. For example, if you receive a code via a text message, someone could impersonate you to your cell phone provider. Doing this, they can obtain a new SIM card that has your phone number tied to it. Then a request is made for the code and because they now control your phone number, it’d be sent directly to them instead of you.

 

Of course, your information on the service is only as secure as the security the service has in place. Even if your password is top-notch and you use second-factor tokens, your information can still be compromised if the service itself is compromised.

 

Still, these types of codes do provide much more security for your login than a password alone.

 

Speaking of passwords…

While second-factor tokens do help, it doesn’t mean you can become lazy with your passwords. Long, complex and strong passwords are still important!

 

If you’re struggling with creating long and strong passwords and remembering them, we have a few tips for that: Two Simple Tips to Remembering Passwords

 

How do I get a second-factor token?

Unfortunately, second-factor tokens aren’t something you can just get for yourself. Multifactor authentication and second-factor tokens have to be supported and by whatever service you’re logging into and does take a bit of setup.

 

However, more services these days do support some type of two-factor authentication. The website at twofactorauth.org maintains a list of many services which support multi-factor authentication and second-factor tokens.

 

To find out if your service does support second-factor tokens, try looking in their help documentation. If all else fails, reach out to the company and ask! They may also be able to provide some instructions for how to set it up, too.

 

Long story short…

While second-factor tokens may seem like a nuisance, they are actually meant to help. They can help username and password become stronger and more resilient to hacks and data breaches.

 

However, while they do add to the password you already use, they should be used as a compliment. Not as a replacement to your password.

 

Do you have second-factor tokens setup for all your logins?

 

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10 Tips for Being Back to School Cyber Secure

Back to school is almost here!

 

You know that that means – friends, textbooks, and late night study sessions, to start.

 

But did you also know It also means more devices, new accounts, and even more screen time?

 

Online security may not be the first thing you think of when it comes to back to school. However, with more students carrying laptops and more tech finding its way into the classroom, it’s becoming even more important to review how we protect the digital lives of ourselves and our families.

 

Even if you or your family aren’t heading to grade school or college, the beginning of a new school year is a great time for a cybersecurity refresher for the whole family. A refresher will make extra sure you’re still being cyber secure in your current digital lives and with all those extra devices and accounts you’ve collected so far this year.

 

To help you with that refresher, below are some tips to get you and your family ready for the school year.

 

Ensure your computer and devices have updated security software

The more out-dated software you have, the more holes available for viruses, malware, and other unfriendly things have to compromise your computer and devices.

 

Ensure that you’ve updated all the software on your computer and all your devices. This includes not just their operating systems but those apps too!

 

It’s also a good idea here to remove any software and apps that you no longer use and any data that they might contain.

 

Be careful with your purchases

When purchasing new computers, devices and software be wary of used items and online offers that seem too good to be true.

 

Used computers and devices purchased from sites like Kijiji or eBay could possibly come with malware and viruses pre-installed. It’s a good idea to wipe or do a factory reset on any used device you may receive.

 

Online offers that seem too good to be true could be adware, malware, a scam, or a hook to get your personal information.

Backup your stuff

As I am sure you’ve also heard, it’s important to back up all the data you have frequently.

 

What you probably haven’t heard, it’s important to go further than just one backup! Have at least two different copies of your backup on two different media formats. That way you will have no problems recovering if one of the media formats ends up becoming damaged or corrupt.

 

Pro Tip: Create a third copy of your backup. Store that copy in a secure location away from wherever the other two copies of your backups are stored.

 

Then, if something happens to the location the other two copies are stored (fire, flood, hurricane, etc.), you still have a copy to recover from.

 

Lock it up or take it with you

With people moving about on campus all the time, it doesn’t take long for a computer or device to go missing.

 

If you’re going to leave a laptop or device unattended, make sure you lock it up with both a physical lock (such as a laptop lock) and either shut it down or lock the screen.

 

Even better yet, take the laptop or device with you! If you always pack up your laptop and devices and take them with you, then you know they are safe and secure.

 

Encrypt, encrypt, encrypt!

If your computer or devices are stolen or accidentally lost, then all the data on them is lost as well and could potentially be in the hands of someone you wouldn’t want to have it.

 

One way to lower the risk of your data falling into the wrong hands in this situation is to ensure you’ve encrypted everything you have which will support it. This includes your computer, devices, and removable media.

 

Encryption helps because if your devices are encrypted and are lost or stolen, your data can not be easily accessed.

 

One thing important thing to remember here: If you lose your encryption keys, your data is lost forever. It’s important to do your research and understand exactly how encryption works for your devices before you encrypt anything.

 

Create or update the passwords for your computer, devices and online accounts

As I’m sure you’ve been told, using the same password for everything is never a good idea. Take this time to create new, unique passwords for computers, devices, and online accounts.

 

Ensure these passwords are long and strong and complex.

 

Pro Tip: If you have a hard time remembering passwords and shudder at the thought of creating a new one, try using a password manager. It’s a piece of software that securely stores all your passwords, and then all you have to remember is the one password to open the password manager. Simple!

 

Enable multi-factor for everything that supports it

 

More and more online services are starting to support multi-factor authentication. This adds an additional layer of security to your account by requiring you to provide something extra in addition to your username and password to login. Usually, this is in the form of a code or fingerprint.

 

Enabling multi-factor means that even if someone manages to get your username and password, they can’t login to your account without the additional factor, which you still have.

 

However, this doesn’t mean you can become complacent with your passwords… Strong and unique passwords are still important!

 

Watch your shoulders

On crowded campuses and packed buses, be conscious of who is around you and who might be watching your screen.

 

Someone watching your screen over your shoulder is actually called “Shoulder Surfing”.

 

Its when someone watches over your shoulder to steal valuable information from you as it is displayed on your screens such as your passwords, PIN numbers or credit card numbers.

 

The person who now knows tour information can use it for whatever they wish, including stealing your accounts, draining your bank accounts, or stealing your identity.

 

Be careful using public WiFi

Public WiFi should always be treated as an insecure network, just like the Internet no matter who is providing it and no matter whether it is password protected or not. You never know how its configured, and who might be watching or intercepting what you’re doing on that WiFi.

 

It’s a good idea to never access or share any type of personal or financial information over public WiFi. If you can, refrain from also accessing anything that requires a username and password in case your credentials might be intercepted.

 

If you do need to access or share any personal or financial information and you’re out and about or traveling, consider using a VPN (Virtual Private Network) service or a mobile hotspot on your phone, or a standalone hotspot device.

 

Be careful what you share

An innocent selfie or comment can reveal much more than you intended. Be careful not to over-share or share too much personal information.

 

Also, consider what you’ve shared in the past. One piece of personal information might seem innocent enough, but sharing a different piece many times often leads to the formation of a picture of your identity and location.

 

Another good thing to remember is that it’s not always possible to remove things from the Internet. It is entirely possible that a post or share today can affect your reputation tomorrow.

 

How to detect phishing emails

Phishing emails are emails attackers send which are designed to entice you to click a link or download an attachment. Once you’ve clicked or downloaded, one or both of two things can happen. You are enticed to give up personal or financial information, or malware is installed on your computer without your knowledge.

 

Whenever you’re checking your email, remember to check for some of the indications of a phishing email:

  • Fact Check

If the email seems like it is completely out of the blue, it very well might be a scam.

  • Check the “From” Address

Ask yourself: does it make sense that I’d receive an email from this address? Have I received an email from this address before?

  • Bad grammar and spelling

Is the email is full of bad grammar and spelling? Especially if it comes from a business, then this might be a phishing email.

  • A weird link

Phishing emails commonly include a link of some kind. They want to get you to go to another page and enter your details, such as usernames and passwords. If you’re not expecting a link, or it looks weird, don’t click it!

  • A sense of immediate urgency

Spammers want you to act without thinking. They want you to feel like there is no time to do anything but to do as they ask. Take a moment to think if the threat is practical.

  • It sounds too good to be true

If it sounds like it might be too good to be true, it probably is.

  • Trust your gut

If all else fails and you’re not too sure, or if it just feels “off”, then Don’t open the email. Don’t click on any links and don’t open any attachments.

 

Read more about detecting Phishing emails: Email Looking a Little Phishy? 7 Things to Look For…

 

Back to School might be stressful, but staying back to school cyber secure shouldn’t have to be! Putting these tips into practice and creating some new habits are all it takes to be safe and secure all year long.

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7 Tips to Blog Safely and Keep Yourself Safe

I know what you’re thinking – blog safely?!

 

I know, but no matter whether your blog is your main focus or a side project for fun, or to market your business,  it’s still a blog.

 

And it’s really easy to not take care and disclose a little too much.

 

When I sit down to write a blog article, these are the seven items I keep in mind to make sure I’m running my blog safely.

 

Double check your posts

Read it out as if it’s going to be printed in the local newspaper, including looking at the pictures. Does it give out too much personal information about you?

 

One key thing here is to not just look at the text, but the pictures and videos as well. Are your address or full name and phone number on a piece of paper? How about unique landmarks on your street and your street number?

 

Do you really need to use your full name?

Nowadays where it’s really easy to plug someone’s name into an online database and retrieve way more information that they ever intended to reveal, consider whether you really need to use your full name.

 

It’s completely acceptable to blog anonymously, there isn’t anything saying you have to use your real name. Consider if you can use only your first or even a pen name?

 

Don’t give out your address

 

If you really want to receive fan mail, or you review products that are sent to you, then rent an address. You can do this with a P.O. box, or with many other services that allow you to rent the use of their address and will happily receive mail and packages on your behalf

 

Be careful with location services

Many apps use your location for various things. Don’t use apps that broadcast your location in connection with your blog.

 

Make sure location services are turned off for apps that have an option to add your location, such as Instagram or Twitter.

 

Do you post photos as part of your blog? You still can, but make sure your camera isn’t tagging the photos with your location!

 

Being careful with your location ensures that nobody can show up unannounced, especially those with not so good intentions.

 

Set some boundaries

I know you want to share as much as you can with your audience. It helps with authenticity, legitimacy and makes your readers feel they know you.

 

However, if you share too much there is always the chance of someone connecting the dots.

 

You should set some boundaries – what topics are OK to talk about on your blog, and what are off limits – like family, children, the street you live on, etc.

 

Consider blog safety offline

When you’re writing your blog, always consider if you really need to share details about your life and location. It may only be one piece of information that is seemingly harmless this blog post, but what about after many blog posts? The picture of your identity or where you are becomes that much more clear with every piece of information revealed.

 

This Week’s Challenge

Have a look at what you’ve posted online in the last while. How easy would it be for someone to find you in the real world?

 

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How Much of Your Information Is Too Much?

So, you happened to find some of your information on a website which you didn’t give it to.

How did it get there? Were you hacked? Is someone stealing your mail?

They may not have gotten the information directly from you, although believe it or not, you still may have had a hand in them getting it.

Many of the websites out there that you may stumble upon with what seems like a treasure trove of your personal information are websites that collect or aggregate information about people to mine it for valuable statistics or sell access to it.

Let’s look at three of the ways these websites and companies normally obtain their information on you, and other people:

Public Records Databases

Believe it or not, in North America when you buy a house, get a mortgage, get married, etc. The government collects information about you and keeps it in publicly available databases.

With the advent of the Internet, many of these databases are now accessible online. Since the data is freely available, these websites can scoop it easily.

Purchased from 3rd Parties

Even with our society becoming more privacy-aware, there still are websites and apps that sell the personal information they collect about their users to other parties as an additional revenue stream.

Sometimes its just geographic information like how many people use their service from a certain country or demographic information like what the age ranges of their subscribers is, for example. Other times its the entire contents of your profile.

Scraping from Other Websites

Not all websites are above using “grey” methods to obtain the data they need. Some will simply copy and paste (called scraping) your information from other publicly available websites and even other record-collecting websites into their database.

Sounds a bit scary, right?

Don’t stress. A little due diligence can combat a lot of this. Here are a few things you can do:

Evaluate whether that website really needs all the information it’s asking you to provide you with the service you’re looking for?

Before you ever fill out any form online, check out the company first. Read their Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. Do they explain how they protect your information? Do they state they will not sell your information? Red flags should be going up if not.

If they need a ton of information, find reviews on the company. Are they reputable? Have they suffered a data breach recently? Do they have any other divisions or products which might make use of your information?

Nothing in life is free, every company needs money to survive. If it’s a free product or app, and they want a ton of information, be skeptical. An app shouldn’t ask for more information than required for you to use it. If they ask for more, and don’t indicate how they use your data, there is a good chance selling your information is their revenue stream. Even if it is “ad supported”.

Use your head when it comes to social media

If you don’t invest some time and effort into locking down your social media profiles, then they could be publicly accessible. Does the whole world need access to your social media profiles? If not, don’t give it to them.

Be careful of what you post. Even once you have adjusted all those privacy settings, don’t post any personal information in updates or posts. You never know when the company may change or remove privacy settings which can accidentally make your profile public, exposing all that information you’ve posted.

Check the Terms of Service, Privacy Policy and other policies of the social network. Who owns your posts or updates? If it’s not you, they could be selling them, or access to them. Believe it or not, you are not always the owner of the information you contribute to social networks!

Don’t post it at all

Ultimately, the best course of action to stop anyone from obtaining or using your personal information, is to simply not put it on the Internet. Of course, there are times when this isn’t possible and you do need to provide some personal information. In those cases, a little bit of due diligence can go a long way in keeping your information safe.

This Week’s Challenge

How do you decide which places to submit your personal information online? What do you do for your due diligence? Have you ever thought about locking down your social media profiles?

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